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El Shaddai

   God is El Shaddai - "God Almighty."  However, this title does not emphasize His creative strength.  The name El Shaddai emphasizes God as the giver of grace and abundance.  It is God the All-bountiful one.  This title refers to God's power to give and supply all the needs of His people.  God is first called El Shaddai in Genesis 17:1 as He who had blessed Abram and would continue to supply his needs.

Genesis 17:1-8
   And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God [El Shaddai];  walk before me, and be thou perfect.
   And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.
   And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying.
   As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations.
   Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.
   And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.
   And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.
   And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.

   El Shaddai emphasizes what GOD DOES for man.  It is God the All-bountiful one making the believer fruitful as he walks with Him.  In the Bible, Abraham is called the father of all who believe.  Abraham put his trust in God's abundance and not in his own strength.  When God said go - Abraham went; and God supplied all of his needs and provided direction and abundance.  God is Almighty to care and provide for us.  The promise of God's abundant supply made to Abraham and his children was repeated as his son, Isaac, sent his grandson, Jacob, to find a believing wife:

Genesis 28:3-4
   And God Almighty [El Shaddai] bless thee, and make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou mayest be a multitude of people;
   And give thee the blessing of Abraham, to thee, and to thy seed with thee; that thou mayest inherit the land wherein thou art a stranger, which God gave unto Abraham.

   God Almighty is the source of supply.  It is He that will bless, make fruitful, multiply, and give.  The promise, the path, the direction comes from God - not man.  Isaac had reminded Jacob of the promise God Almighty made to Abraham.  Later God Himself confirmed the promise to Jacob:

Genesis 35:10-11
   And God said unto him, Thy name is Jacob [Supplanter or Contender (a name that emphasizes what man does)]: thy name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel [God Rules] shall be thy name: and he called his name Israel.
   And God said unto him, I am God Almighty [El Shaddai]: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins;
   And the land which I gave to Abraham and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give the land.

   God changed Jacob's name from one that emphasized Jacob's actions to one that focused on God as the source of supply.  Israel means God Rules!  God is the all-bountiful one who would make Israel fruitful and would be the Giver in the lives of his seed after him.

Exodus 6:2-4
   And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the Lord [Jehovah]:
   And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty [El Shaddai], but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.
   And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers.

   Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob knew God as the all-bountiful source of supply.  Moses knew God as Jehovah - a name which emphasizes a personal, covenant, and fellowship relationship with God.  God Almighty was about to give even more to the children of Israel - a covenant relationship:

Exodus 6:6-8
   Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the Lord [Jehovah], and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments:
   And I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the Lord [Jehovah] your God, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.
  And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I am the Lord [Jehovah].

   Even more than God the "All-Bountiful" source of supply, the Lord God [Jehovah] is the one who WILL DO in the fellowship relationship.  We walk with God in a true fellowship relationship when God is the one who leads.  He is the source of supply and He will do for us as we walk with Him.

   God is called Almighty ten times in the New Testament.  Nine of these are in the book of Revelations.  This term is only used once in the Church Epistles in II Corinthians 6:18:

II Corinthians 6:18
   And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty [pantokrator].

   The Greek word for Almighty is pantokrator which comes from pas meaning All; and kratos meaning power, force, or impact.  Just as it is used in the Old Testament, God is emphasized as the Giver of grace and abundance.  He is all-powerful as our Father supplying all of our needs because we are His sons and daughters.

"Jehovah" - Names of God

March, 1999
Michael Cortright